In most cases, anyone over the age of 13 must consent to counseling. In addition, most treatment related information is confidential and cannot be shared with anyone without the client’s written permission. This includes parents or caregivers.
There are three notable exceptions to this law:
- Your therapist believes there’s imminent danger that you will do harm to yourself or another person.
- There’s evidence of child or elder abuse or neglect, where you’re either the target or the perpetrator.
- When directed by a court if you’re involved in civil litigation or criminal prosecution.
As of July 28, 2019, a new law permits parents or guardians to provide consent if a teen between age 13 and 17 refuses mental health or substance abuse services.
These services must be deemed warranted by an appropriately credentialed provider and are limited to no more than 12 outpatient counseling sessions over a three-month period. At the end of this time, the teen must provide consent for any further services.
When treatment has been initiated under this law, information necessary for treatment planning and crisis intervention can be disclosed without the teen’s authorization — assuming the provider deems it clinically appropriate to do so.
If you’re considering family-initiated treatment, please contact me before scheduling a first appointment so we can discuss logistics and possible challenges.